Tuesday, July 14, 2020

Texting while driving

Texting while driving Hi Friends,Texting is great but what do you think about texting while driving? Do you think that it is dangerous like elder people tell you or do you think that you can handle it just fine?For me, I initially thought, eh, no big deal, I am in control, plus there is always the urge to respond right away, you know UNTIL ONE DAY a friend texted me while I was driving home from the gym. It was nothing important but I responded to his text, while driving through a big long curve with trees on the sides blocking my view of the road ahead. As I was about to complete the big curve, I saw a lot of cars 50 feet in front of me, all stoppedThey stopped for the red light but because I was busy on the phone and I didnt see the road well, I wasnt prepared to stop the car at all. I slammed on my brakes and thanks God I was able to stop my car in time.I felt cold and sweat. On the rest of the way home, I thought hard about my decision in replying to my friends text. Was it a good idea to risk my lif e and maybe someone elses life too just to respond to an unimportant text? Plus the financial trouble should be very expensive texting while driving wasnt worth it at all.Since then, I have become very careful about my driving and today, I make this page in hope to spread the word about the huge consequences of texting while driving.Mobile phones have become very popular and teens texting while driving are on the rise. According to recent government statistic, accidents caused by texting while driving are more than accidents caused by drunk while driving. Some states have started to create laws to make texting while driving illegal.Texting while driving is very dangerous.Useful texting while driving links:http://www.fcc.gov/guides/texting-while-drivingLast Update Dec 19 2014: So sorry demonstrative video removed due to some readers reported it to contain violent graphics.

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Guy de Chauliac - Influential 14th-Century Physician

This profile of Guy de Chauliac is part ofWhos Who in Medieval History   Guy de Chauliac was also known as: Guido de Cauliaco or Guigo de Cauliaco  (in Italian); also spelled  Guy de Chaulhac Guy de Chauliac was known for: Being one of the most influential physicians of the Middle Ages. Guy de Chauliac wrote an important work on surgery that would serve as the standard text for more than 300 years.   Occupations: PhysicianClericWriter Places of Residence and Influence: FranceItaly Important Dates: Born:  c. 1300Died:  July 25, 1368 About Guy de Chauliac: Born to a family of limited means in Auvergne, France, Guy was bright enough to be recognized for his intellect and was sponsored in his academic pursuits by the lords of Mercoeur. He began his studies at Toulouse, then moved on to the much-respected University of Montpellier, where he received his magister in medicina (masters degree in medicine) under the tutelage of Raymond de Moleriis in a program that required six years of study. Some time later Guy moved on to the oldest university in Europe, the University of Bologna, which had already built a reputation for its medical school. At Bologna he appears to have perfected his understanding of anatomy, and he may have learned from some of the best surgeons of the day, though he never identified them in his writing as he did his medical professors. Upon leaving Bologna, Guy spent some time in Paris before moving on to Lyons. In addition to his medical studies, Guy took holy orders, and in Lyons he became a canon at St. Just. He spent about a decade at Lyons practicing medicine before moving to Avignon, where the popes were residing at that time. Some time after May, 1342, Guy was appointed by Pope Clement VI as his private physician. He would attend the pontiff during the horrific Black Death that came to France in 1348, and though a third of the cardinals at Avignon would perish from the disease, Clement survived. Guy would later use his experience of surviving the plague and attending its victims in his writings. Guy spent the rest of his days in Avignon. He stayed on as physician for Clements successors, Innocent VI and Urban V, earning an appointment as a papal clerk. He also became acquainted with Petrarch. Guys position in Avignon afforded him unparalleled access to an extensive library of medical texts that were available nowhere else. He also had access to the most current scholarship being conducted in Europe, which he would incorporate into his own work. Guy de Chauliac died in Avignon on July 25, 1368. The Chirurgia magna of Guy de Chauliac The works of Guy de Chauliac are considered among the most influential medical texts of the Middle Ages. His most significant book is Inventarium seu collectorium in parte cyrurgicali medicine, called by later editors Chirurgia magna and sometimes referred to simply as Chirurgia. Completed in 1363, this inventory of surgical medicine pulled together medical knowledge from about a hundred earlier scholars, including ancient and Arabic sources, and cites their works more than 3,500 times.   In Chirurgia, Guy included a brief history of surgery and medicine and provided a discourse on what he thought every surgeon should know about diet, surgical implements, and how an operation should be conducted. He also discussed and evaluated his contemporaries, and related much of his theory to his own personal observations and history, which is how we know most of what we do about his life.   The work itself is divided into seven treatises: anatomy, apostemes (swellings and abscesses), wounds, ulcers, fractures, other diseases and the complements to surgery (the use of drugs, bloodletting, therapeutic cauterization, etc.). All in all, it covers nearly every condition a surgeon might be called upon to deal with. Guy emphasized the importance of medical treatment, including diet, drugs, and the application of substances, reserving surgery as a last resort.   Chirurgia magna contains a description of a narcotic inhalation to use as a soporific for patients undergoing surgery. Guys observations of the plague included an elucidation of two different manifestations of the disease, making him the first to distinguish between pneumonic and bubonic forms. Although he has sometimes been criticized for advocating too much interference with the natural progression of the healing of wounds, Guy de Chauliacs work was otherwise groundbreaking and extraordinarily progressive for its time. The Influence of Guy de Chauliac on Surgery Throughout the Middle Ages, the disciplines of medicine and surgery had evolved almost independently of one another. Physicians were regarded as serving the general health of the patient, tending to his diet and the illnesses of his internal systems. Surgeons were considered to deal with external matters, from amputating a limb to cutting hair. In the early 13th century, surgical literature began to emerge, as surgeons sought to emulate their medical colleagues and raise their profession to one of comparable esteem. Guy de Chauliacs Chirurgia was the first book on surgery to bring to bear a substantial medical background. He vehemently advocated that surgery should be founded on an understanding of anatomy -- for, unfortunately, many surgeons of the past had known next to nothing of the particulars of the human body and had merely applied their skills to the ailment in question as they saw fit, a practice that had earned them a reputation as butchers. For Guy, an extensive understanding of how the human body worked was far more important for the surgeon than manual skill or experience. As surgeons were beginning to come to this conclusion, as well, Chirurgia magna began to serve as a standard text on the subject. More and more, surgeons studied medicine before applying their arts, and the disciplines of medicine and surgery began to merge. By 1500, Chirurgia magna had been translated from its original Latin into English, Dutch, French, Hebrew, Italian and Provenà §al. It was still regarded as an authoritative source on surgery as late as the seventeenth century.   More Guy de Chauliac Resources: Guy de Chauliac in Print The links below will take you to a site where you can compare prices at booksellers across the web. More in-depth info about the book may be found by clicking on to the books page at one of the online merchants. The visit merchant link  will take you to an online bookstore, where you can find more information about the book to help you get it from your local library. This is provided as a convenience to you; neither Melissa Snell nor About is responsible for any purchases you make through these links. The Major Surgery of Guy de Chauliactranslated by Leonard D. RosenmanInventarium Sive Chirurgia Magna: Text(Studies in Ancient Medicine , No 14, Vol 1) (Latin Edition)edited and with an introduction by Michael R. McVaughVisit merchant Guy de Chauliac on the Web Chauliac, Guy DeExtensive entry from the  Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography includes a useful bibliography. Made available at Encyclopedia.com. Medieval Health Medicine   Chronological Index Geographical Index Index by Profession, Achievement, or Role in Society The text of this document is copyright  ©2014-2016 Melissa Snell. You may download or print this document for personal or school use, as long as the URL below is included. Permission is   not  granted to reproduce this document on another website. For publication permission,  please   contact  Melissa Snell.The URL for this document is:http://historymedren.about.com/od/gwho/fl/Guy-de-Chauliac.htm

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

A Case Study of Marriott International - 9298 Words

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Marriott International envisions itself to be the world’s lodging leader. Its mission is to provide the best possible lodging services experience to customers who vary in backgrounds, language, tradition, religion and cultures all around the world. Marriot is committed to environmental preservation through using environment-friendly technology and engages in social responsibility and community engagement. We value our shareholder’s so we will only take steps that will ensure our growth. Most importantly, through our â€Å"spirit to serve†, we emphasize the importance of Marriott’s people and recognize the value they bring to the organization’s growth and success. It aims to increase revenues by 9% every year, to increase†¦show more content†¦Accor – This is a private French Company and of the largest employers in the lodging industry. It employs 168,600 employees working in 4,000 properties in 90 countries. It is ranked second with the revenues of $9.03 billion in 2005. It is well known for its upscale brands, Len and Sofitel. Accor also operates and owns stakes in several hospitality and food services. Hilton Hotels Corporation – Hilton was founded in 1946 and headquartered in Beverly Hills, California. It has 2,838 hotels worldwide under the brands Conrad, Doubletree, Embassy Suites etc. HTL operates upscale full-service and limited service hotels in urban, airport, resort and suburban locations. It ranks third in the number of employees (105,000) and revenues ($8.6 billion) but second in net income of $552 million. Intercontinental Hotels Group – It is British company and the most profitable among the four industry leaders. It owns, manages, leases and franchises approximately 3,741 hotels in approximately 100 countries as of 2006. It ranks number one in gross margins (54%), operating margins (24.7%) and earnings per share ($2.10) even if it’s smallest in the strategic group. 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An After Thought of Short Stories Free Essays

Was he trying to tell us something that we already knew but were to blind to see? Well when I read the quote I immediately thought of two short stories After the Sirens by Hugh Hood, and Here There Be Tygers by Ray Bradbury. When reading these two pieces of material one can easily decipher that there is no validity to conflicts that end in death because then no one wins. In both of these stories the authors have depicted their philosophy on chaos and disaster even though it was not said in those exact words. We will write a custom essay sample on An After Thought of Short Stories or any similar topic only for you Order Now Therefore, because the two stories have no relation there is a contrast in the message being sent to us. This specific quote by Jefferson creates a mood for the readers to kind of set the setting for the whole idea of disaster. When using settings the authors are very careful to include certain details that will help the reader to picture in there mind what exactly is taking place. Hugh Hood did a very good job at this when he wrote the short story After the Sirens. This particular story took place at 4:45 in the morning, in North America somewhere close to New York City. Hood set several moods throughout the story such as frustration, panic, confusion and hysteria to allow the reader to feel what the characters felt. In Here There Be Tygers Ray Bradbury set the time frame to a futuristic point of view on Planet 7 of star system 84. In this particular short story Bradbury describes the planet in great detail giving the reader a feel for the great beauty of the wonderland referred to as a planet. One of the characters decides that he wants to use the planet to his benefit and then get the hell out of there, but as he soon finds out things do not exactly go as he plans. Therefore one can tell that the setting is one of the most important characteristics of a story of any kind. A character is a person involved in a play, story, etc used to create personality. In After the Sirens the father of the family was made the main character and was portrayed as a hero like figure. He knows exactly what to do and how to handle the situation. He stays calm in order to save his family from any major damage. Another of the main characters was the wife. She was the exact opposite of the husband in the fact that she was totally hysterical. She added to the panic and allowed the reader to feel what she was feeling. Other characters in the story included the baby who did not really play a significant role in the whole idea, and the news broadcaster. The news broadcaster was also filled with a huge amount of hysteria and panic and set the whole mood for the reader. In the story Here There Be Tygers the main character was an uncaring, selfish man named Chatterton. He was more concerned of what he could get from the planet than the good the planet could do for him. Some of the changes that occurred with this character include the major fact that he dies due to his rude and careless behavior that caused the planet to take action and kill him. Other characters that had some what of a significant role include; Driscoll, the man who stayed on the planet after he took a great liking to it, then there was Captain Forester the leader of the whole expedition, and lastly Koestler who was basically just a follower along for the work and not really noticed a great deal. Theme is the whole topic or idea that the author chooses to illustrate to the reader. The message that Hugh Hood while writing After the Sirens was sending to his reader was basically that war is pointless, no one wins and no one looses and the innocent bystanders are always the ones to get caught in the middle. Some specific quotes that Hood included in the reading were: Over in half an hour, and nobody won, as well as How many died asked the father. Everybody in the area, almost no exceptions. Youre a statistic now, thats what you are.. Lastly Hood said that They were the seventh, eighth, and ninth living persons to be brought there after the sirens.. Ray Bradburys main message that he was trying to send in Here There Be Tygers was that we should respect planets even if they dont belong to us. There is no point to destroying it because soon enough there wont be anything left to destroy and then where does that leave you Some particular Quotes used were I have to much respect for other worlds to treat them the way you want to as well as the idea suggested by Forester the perhaps the planet was a woman waiting for visitors for millions of years. Preparing herself, making herself beautiful, and putting on her best face. When Chatterton treated her badly, she warned him a few times, and then when he tried to ruin her beauty she eliminated him. In conclusion one can see that the whole idea that was sent by each author was not said exactly in the words most were looking for but described through the theme to send out a message to each reader. Simply by pointing out certain topics such as setting, character and theme to help get the point across can prove the contrast between stories. Basically the events that occurred throughout each story most certainly have become clearer pointing out the setting and how it changes and the moods it sends to the reader. As well the character area points out the protagonist and how he/she changes and some of the other significant characters. Lastly, the theme part of the idea explains more clearly the authors purpose and certain quotes, ideas and messages that he wrote to help the reader to understand it better. In conclusion one can see that it helps a reader to understand short storys, novels etc when such topics as setting, character and theme can be clearly stated. How to cite An After Thought of Short Stories, Essay examples

Friday, April 24, 2020

Should The Obama Generation Drop Out free essay sample

When it comes to embarking on post secondary education the views of it’s importance and relevance is controversial. In Murray’s Op-Ed piece, â€Å"Should The Obama Generation Drop Out†, he believes a college education is unnecessary. I, however disagree with Murray’s notion. College is necessary according to a person’s career choice and it’s requirements. Throughout my middle and high school years, both my peers and I were strongly encouraged to go to college. I was not only urged by teachers, but my family members also. It is intriguing how closely connected that is after Murray discussed how college is promoted and organized. Growing up, I was taught that college would be the door of opportunity to a better life guaranteed. While college maybe unnecessary for some, it is necessary for others. As for myself, I believe college is necessary in order for me to advance towards my career in Journalism. We will write a custom essay sample on Should The Obama Generation Drop Out ? or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Upon my high school graduation, I had decided to go straight into the workforce. At the time I preferred to have a job making money instead of going to school losing money. Quickly, I learned that I was still losing money even though I was working. I was working for survival, just to make ends meet†, and in opposite direction of the career I desired. That experience alone encouraged me to pursue my college education even more because I knew I could not make it without it. Nowadays a bachelor’s degree is a prerequisite for jobs in journalism, regardless of the fact that one may have the experience or talent. My purpose for being in school is to get a deeper understanding of the media industry and career I aspire. The only way to attain the knowledge I require is by going to college. Murray’s notion is to repudiate the bachelor’s degree as a job qualification. Therefore, focusing more on vocational training and certification exams and carefully selecting the applicant who possesses the acquired skills. He quotes, â€Å"It’s what you can do that should count when you apply for a job, not where you learned to do it†. He believes this is probably why many young adults are not able to get a degree or desire to attend a four year college. He also stated, â€Å"A large majority of young people do not have the intellectual ability to do genuine college level work†. And continues on with a statistic that â€Å"10 to 20 percent of all 18 year olds fully absorb liberal arts textbooks but the percentage is lower in the are of science and engineering. † Murray claims that there will not be any improvements in the primary and secondary education to increase percentage and disciplines taught at the college level because they are too complex. He also said that college degrees works for upper class children and those who want to go to college. Murray states, â€Å"They want to learn how to get a satisfying job that also pays well†. For that to even be possible, the student must pursue some form of a higher education at a four year university, but Murray argued that it should no longer be necessary if certificate testing is optional. Even though Murray acknowledges that, I feel that his attitude towards secondary education is pessimistic. He is realistic about certain educational views, but overall his tone sounds subdued. It seems as though a student’s laziness is acceptable and that it’s not imperative for them strive for success. If laziness is accepted it only obstructs the student’s abilities. Murray seems to be okay with the standards being lower. I believe that having a college degree displays to the employer that the applicant is capable of accomplishing goals. After have carefully considering Murray’s arguments, I disagree that the Obama Generation Should â€Å"Drop Out†. Without a college education I do not believe that I would view the world as I do now. If I didn’t have the courses and teachers I have now, I would not think as intuitively as I do now. I would like to reflect back to one of our previous readings in Fahrenheit 451; I quote, â€Å"Do you know why books such as this are so important? Because they have quality. And what does the word quality mean? To me it means texture. This book has pores†. This quote, best represents the importance of having secondary education. Without it we lack quality, and the education that we receive will provide the texture we need in our lives. Outside of my educational attributes, there is one main reason why I am pursuing my college education so viciously. My great grandmother is my inspiration to keep pushing towards obtaining my degree. Being that my great grandmother was unable to get a primary education because she had to be in the cotton fields to make a living for her family saddens me. So, I am grateful for the opportunity to be able to have a college education. I think we all forget to look at the bigger picture of it all. I’ve never thought that education was a waste because without it we would not know anything. Also, as a young child I have always been curious about learning new things. The more I know, the more my eagerness becomes to learn more. Out the many things that we will possess in a lifetime, our education will always be with us. It can’t be repossessed or stripped away from us, it is something we will carry to the grave. You should only drop out if being in college is not a means to an end. Meaning, that you are here because you were made to go by your parents or you’re just going to say that you have gone. There are careers that you don’t need a college education in order to be successful. However, education is still apart of it. View as multi-pages TOPICS IN THIS DOCUMENT Academic degree, College, Gymnasium, High school, Higher education, Madrasah, Secondary education, University RELATED DOCUMENTS Drop Outs Educational Failure â€Å"Every year, over 1. 2 million students drop out of high school in the United States alone. Thats a student every 26 seconds – or 7,000 a day† (Thornbergh). Why this happening and more importantly, what is being done to solve this problem? Because of boring classes, too much freedom, and just a lack of motivation, students nationwide are dropping out of school, and are starting on the path of minimum wage and regret. Schools are 989 Words | 5 Pages READ FULL DOCUMENT Cause of College Drop Outs they all come down to these: poor academic performance, financial problem and troubles with the course. Firstly, the ability to study is the main element for learning effectively. Poor academic performance is the leading reason that makes students drop out. A lot of students who have been accepted to a college aren’t focused also lacking academic skills and self-motivation abilities. Students who may have maintained an average performance in high school may find 989 Words | 2 Pages READ FULL DOCUMENT Factors Affecting the Increase of Drop Outs affect you regarding school matter ? Table 7 : Does your peer behave affect in school ? Table 8 : Does the school facilities , teaching equipments and teachers affect your studying ? Table 9 : What do you think is the main reason of drop outs of student ? vi LIST OF FIGURES Figure 1 : Do you like your course now ? Figure 2 : Is there any person who motivates you to pursue your course ? Figure 3 : If ever you 989 Words | 4 Pages READ FULL DOCUMENT Raising the Drop Out Age Persuasive Paper Raising the Drop Out Age Students at the age of 16 are too young to make life changing decisions about their education. In the United States almost every state complies with the age limit of 16 for a student to be able to decide as to whether they would want to continue their education. The age requirement to be able to make this decision should be raised to 18 because education is important, 16 is not a mature age to make such a 989 Words | 3 Pages READ FULL DOCUMENT High School Drop Outs Statement: I believe that dropping out of school is the direct result of strain caused by the economic/political institutions that are within the social structure. Introduction: The Social Structure is the housing for the social institutions: Politics, Economics, Mass Media, Groups/Organizations, Family, Education and Religion. What I plan to discuss in this research project is how economic and political institutions contribute to the cause of dropping 989 Words | 6 Pages READ FULL DOCUMENT School Drop Out Introduction 1 Justification 3 Topic 6 Problematic 6 Sub-problematic 6 General Objective 7 Identify causes dropouts in seventh graders Heredia Lyceum. 7 Specific Objectives 7 Hypothesis 7 Theoretical Framework 8 School Drop out 8 Factors of school Drop out 9 Family 9 Bullying 10 Educational System 14 The Economic Factor 18 The use and abuse of drugs 20 Analyses and Results 22 Conclusions and Recommendations 31 989 Words | 24 Pages READ FULL DOCUMENT Drop Out Rate Lopez 1 Eng 1301. 01 Professor Blakemore 22 October 2010 Comparing â€Å"Heroes† Heroes are people who do well with their lives. Heroes are people society looks up to; people who make a difference. In Losing Private Dwyer by Lawrence Downes and In Chronicle of an American Execution by Dan Barry, Daryl Holton and Joseph Dwyer were both â€Å"Heroes,† they were men who were at one point looked up to but then everything changed. An army man is what they were. Within the two narratives, veterans 989 Words | 4 Pages READ FULL DOCUMENT High School Drop Outs The prevalence of high school drop outs is increasing alarmingly. This is the government concern because today statistics show that there is high rate of high school drop out all over the United States. Because of this the US government is finding ways to avoid this threatening situation to get worse. High school drop outs are not a very good sign for their country’s future. Increase of drop 989 Words | 3 Pages READ FULL DOCUMENT CITE THIS DOCUMENT APA (2014, 03). Should The Obama Generation Drop Out ?. StudyMode. com. Retrieved 03, 2014, from http://www. studymode. com/essays/Should-The-Obama-Generation-Drop-Out-48477870. html MLA MLA 7 CHICAGO

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

The Detrimental Effects in Changing the Rent Contr Essays

The Detrimental Effects in Changing the Rent Contr Essays The Detrimental Effects in Changing the Rent Control Act Rent Control-pro The Detrimental Effects in Changing the Rent Control Act In a just society, the ruling authority must decide what is right when allocating wealth to its individual citizens. The same ruling authority does this by intervening with the inner workings of a marketplace to uphold its fundamental values and ideals. The aim of government intervention is to create a just society that will reflect the peoples values. Governing bodies do this by establishing laws that enforce fairness or equity. The Ontario government passed the Rent Control Act in 1975. The law levels the playing field between landlords and tenants. New units are exempt from controls for their first five years after which the controls are put into place. The controls put a ceiling on annual rent increases. Under current law, a landlord may only increase a tenants rent by 2% plus inflation.1 As with all other markets, the housing market is based on supply and demand. If the nature of the market were allowed to take its course, then the price of housing would become unaffordable for most citizens. An unfair situation would be created where power and money would be disproportionately appropriated to land owners. Rent control laws were established by previous governments to protect society and its people from inflated and uncontrollable housing costs. The Harris government now wants to repeal these laws. On June 25 the Minister of Housing, Al Leach, released a policy paper outlining the changes that are to be made to Ontarios rent laws. Conservative legislators plan to pass the proposed Tenant Protection Act in the fall. The omnibus legislation will rescind the Rent Control Act, the Landlord and Tenant Act, the Rental Housing Protection Act, Residents Rights Act, the Land Lease Statute Amendment Act, the Vital Services Act.2 The most objectionable change allows the act to lift controls off vacant units. The 3.2 million renters in Ontario are very concerned about the changes.3 The housing ministry will accept written submissions from the public until August 30. Public hearings are also planned in hope that they will ease the transition. However, most people are indignant towards the idea. Changing the rent control laws would be detrimental to society as they threaten citizens positive right to affordable housing, harm their mobility rights and increase the gap between the rich and the poor. The proposed Tenant Protection Act assaults peoples right to affordable housing. If people are to adhere to a basic standard of living, then the cost of their homes must be affordable. But what exactly is affordable? The Ministry of Housing released a report stating that 70,000 Toronto house holds (20% of the citys population) do not have affordable housing. The report explains that a tenants' housing is unaffordable if they are paying more than a quarter of their gross income in rent. This is an alarming thought since some renters are paying 70-80% of their gross income in rent.4 The problem of high housing costs is combated by rent control to allow people a minimum quality of life. Housing like medical care is not normal good or service. It is a basic need. Renters need to buy more than landlords need to sell. If the renter does not get a place to live, he is on the street. If the landlord has no tenant, he just has an empty apartment. In short, there is a mismatch of power in the rental market. The laws of supply and demand are unfairly applied against the buyer. Thus controls came into being precisely because the market does not work. Lifting controls would hurt peoples ability to bear the cost of housing without serious harm. The government justifies this action by arguing that something must be done about Torontos apartment shortage. Because apartments are offered below their market value, they are sold faster new ones can be created. Toronto has a vacancy rate of .8% with only twenty new apartment units built in Metro last year.5 Currently, two thirds of renters move once in five years. Since controls are lifted off vacant apartments, the government believes that after a few years, most apartments will be decontrolled and the supply problem would

Sunday, March 1, 2020

Words for Names of People

Words for Names of People Words for Names of People Words for Names of People By Mark Nichol Words that include the element nym, and some that include nom, pertain to names and naming. Such terms as anonymous (literally, â€Å"without a name†) and pseudonym (â€Å"false name†) are ubiquitous, but most others in this class are more or less obscure. This post lists and defines such terms that pertain to individuals and groups of people. An allonym (â€Å"other name†) is the name of one person employed as a pseudonym by one or more other people, as in the case of the name Publius, the non de plume of Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, which called back to Publius Valerius Publicola, a founder of the Roman Republic. (â€Å"Non de plume† itself, and â€Å"nom de guerre,† which mean, respectively, â€Å"pen name† and â€Å"war name,† are terms adopted from French that are synonyms of pseudonym.) An anthroponym (â€Å"man name†) is a proper name or a surname. (A gamonym is a name acquired as a result of marriage.) Aptronym is a recent coinage playing on apt, denoting a surname coincidentally appropriate to a person’s profession, such as when someone who makes beer is named Brewer. Autonym (self name)- or the synonym endonym, or â€Å"inner name†- refers to a term used by inhabitants of a place for that place (or themselves or their language), as in Deutsch, the German term for the German language; German is an exonym (â€Å"outer name†). (An ethnonym- people name- is a name for an ethnic group.) A charactonym is a fictitious character’s name that alludes to a quality of that person; literature is replete with such names, including those characterizing combative spouses in the early radio sitcom The Bickersons and the comic strip The Lockhorns. An eponym (â€Å"above name†) is a person, place, or thing after which someone or something is named. A mononym (â€Å"one name†) is a single name, such as Leonardo or Madonna. A patronym (â€Å"father name†), or patronymic, is a name based on a male ancestor’s given name, especially those with prefixes and suffixes integrated into surnames, such as Mac- or Mc- or Fitz- in Gaelic, -ez and -es in Spanish and Portuguese, and -son and variants such as -sen in Germanic languages. The female equivalents are matronym/matronymic; such forms are rare (at least in Indo-European languages), though -dottir is used in Icelandic surnames. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Vocabulary category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:What Is Irony? (With Examples)How Long Should a Paragraph Be?Empathic or Empathetic?